What is a Pain Disorder? Or What is a Pain Syndrome? This disorder or syndrome is chronic pain experienced by a patient in one or more areas. Risk factors play a significant role in just about all chronic illnesses and particularly chronic pain; so why not train the patient at the same time as you treat the patient. The health professional’s role then becomes one of transformation, one of helping a person really change their entire lives, or whatever factors may be contributing to health and wellness, according to James R. Fricton DDS MS.